Saturday, August 17, 2013

M02: Geography and Nature of Malaysia

Henry Tan | 11:05 AM |
  1. Malaysia jungles are estimated to be 130million years old.
  2. Total land area of Malaysia - 329,847 sq km.
  3. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) for Malaysia - GMT + 8
  4. City of Bougainvilleas - Ipoh, Perak - Official Flower
  5. Lighthouse of Cape of Rachado - Rumah Api Tanjung Tuan - Malacca but near to Port Dickson
  6. First oil well in Malaysia - The Grand Old Lady - Miri, Sarawak - 1910 - Shell
  7. Tip of Borneo - Tanjung Simpang Mengayau, Kudat - "lingering junction" - South China Sea lingers Sulu Seas
  8. Canopy Walkway - Taman Negara, Pahang - 45 meters high & 510m length - longest canopy walk in the world
  9. Mountain range that passes through Peninsular Malaysia - Titiwangsa range - divide peninsular to east and west
  10. Highest mountain - Mount Kinabalu, Sabah (4095.2m) -> Mount Trus Madi, Sabah (2642m) -> Mount Tahan, Pahang (2187m) -> Mount Korbu, Perak (2183m)
  11. Sinking City - Tasik Chini, Kuantan, Pahang - mythical city could escape attack by sinking into the lake
  12. Concentration of wild life - Proboscis monkey - Kinabatangan River, Sabah
  13. Sarawak Chamber, Gunung Mulu National Park - 186 miles - can fit 9 jumbo jets
  14. Oldest rock in Malaysia - Mat Chinchang Formation, Langkawi Island - 550million years old

3 Man-made Lakes in Malaysia:
Kenyir Lake 
- man-made lake located in Terengganu
- largest man-made lake in South East Asia
- created in 1985 by damming of Kenyir River 
- to create Sultan Mahmud Power Station (hydroelectric dam)
- covers 260 sq km and contains 340 small islands

Temenggor Lake

- man-made lake located in Perak
- 2nd largest man-made lake in Peninsular Malaysia
- to create Temenggor Dam (hydroelectric dam)
- located south of 1533m high Ulu Titi Basah peak
- man-made island, Banding Island

Putrajaya Lake

- 650ha man-made lake
- located at the centre of Putrajaya 
- act as a natural cooling system for the city
- recreation, fishing, water sports and water transport
Tanjung Piai
- cape in Johor which is the southernmost point of Peninsular Malaysia and mainland Eurasia
- seafood restaurants perched on wooden jetties surrounded by mangrove forests at the coastline
- 15m light tower which flashes once every 3 seconds

Kellie's Castle
- located near Batu Gajah, Perak
- unfinished, ruined mansion was built by Scottish planter, William Kellie Smith
- a gift for his wife or a home for his son
- planning for huge castle with Scottish, Moorish and Indian architecture
- 70 craftsmen, bricks and marble were imported from India
- William Kellie Smith died at age of 56, wife devastated and moved back to Scotland

Pulau Sipadan
- the only oceanic island in Malaysia, rising 600m from seabed
- formed by living corals growing on top of an extinct volcanic cone that took thousands years to develop
- located at the heart of Indo-Pacific basin, the centre of one of the richest marine habitats in the world
- rated by many dive journals as one of the top destinations for diving in the world

Taman Mini Malaysia
- cultural park located in Ayer Keroh, Malacca
- showcases traditional architecture and ways of life 
- 13 traditional houses each representing architectural style of 13 states in Malaysia

Sarawak Cultural Village
- located at the foothills of Mount Santubong, 35km from Kuching
- venue for World Harvest Festival and Rainforest World Music Festival
- depicts the heritage of the major racial groups in Sarawak
- possible to see Sarawak's ethnic diversity at a glance

Pangkor Island
- an island off the coast of Perak in north-west peninsular Malaysia
- reach by ferry either from old jetty or Marina island jetty both located in Lumut
- land area of 8 sq km and a population of 25,000 islanders
- Dutch built a fort in effort to control Perak tin trade in 17th century
- location of British government and contender for Perak throne sign Pangkor Treaty 

Kinabalu Park
- one of the first national parks of Malaysia in 1964
- Malaysia's first World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO in Dec 2000 for its Outstanding Universal Values.
- located on the west coast of Sabah
- covers area of 754 sq km surrounding Mount Kinabalu
- one of the most popular tourist spots in Sabah

Dipterocarp Forest
- dipterocarpus derived from Greek, refers to two-winged fruit
- large forest emergent species, typically reaching heights of 40-70m tall some even over 80m
- major importance in the timber trade
- some species endangered as a result of overcutting, extensive illegal logging and habitat conversion
- provide valuable woods, aromatic essential oils, balsam, resins and source for plywood

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